Background information


The region is located in the northeast of the Republic of Kazakhstan and borders on the north with Omsk, on the northeast with Novosibirsk, on the east with the Altai Territory of the Russian Federation, on the south with the East Kazakhstan and Karaganda regions, on the west with Akmola and North-Kazakhstan regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The favorable location allows connecting the region with other states and regions of Kazakhstan by the South Siberian and Central Siberian railroads, automobile, aviation, electronic, pipeline, and river transport. The
Pavlodar Irtysh area has everything: smooth, boundless steppes, a corner of the forest-steppe with birch outlier, ribbon-like pine forests, mountains, and a great number of lakes. The ancient Irtysh divides the region into two almost equal halves. Its floodplain is unique and generous. The most part of the region is occupied by the steppe plain, which Kazakhs called Sary-Arka, the Golden Steppe, from ancient times. It does keep a lot of wealth in fact. Bayanaul, the– pearl of Pavlodar Irtysh area, one of the most beautiful places of the Republic of Kazakhstan, is in the territory of the region. This unique creation of nature amid the vast steppe deserves to admire its amenities. Mountains, pine forests, the animal world, lakes Zhasybai, Toraigyr, and Sabandykol make an indelible impression. The largest rest area and pilgrimage of the tourists from all places of Russia and Kazakhstan are here. The Pavlodar region has an extreme continental climate, which is characterized by a cold long winter (5.5 months), a hot and short summer (3 months).


Pavlodar region was founded in January 1938. Administrative center, Pavlodar, one of the most beautiful cities of Kazakhstan, is located on the shore of Irtysh River, the largest river in Kazakhstan.

Ancient times

Archaeological research indicates that numerous tribes lived in the Irtysh area in prehistoric times. The traces of sites of an ancient man were found in Bayanaul district, on the bank of the Irtysh. Stone tools, silicon arrowheads, and spearheads were found. Thousand years passed; the cultures of various tribes, who lived in Irtysh area, changed. Kimaks, Usuns, Kangly, Naimans roamed here. The first expeditions to the territory of modern Pavlodar Irtysh area began immediately after the strengthening of state power in Siberia and establishment of the Tobolsk province.

Middle Ages

The progenitor of Pavlodar, Koryakovskiy mail outpost, was founded on the bank of the gray Irtysh in the distant 1720. In 1838, the outpost was transformed into the Cossack village of the same name, and in 1861 – into the city of Pavlodar. At the same time, at the beginning of the 19th century, there was a rise in agriculture, development of the agricultural raw material processing industries, and mining. Coal production in Ekibastuz and salt extraction on the Koryakovskiy and Bolshoi Kalkaman lakes is underway from the second half of the 19th century.


In the first half of the 20th century, the economy was developing at a rapid pace with the construction of the Kulunda-Pavlodar railway (1923) and the development of navigation on the Irtysh. Pavlodar, which became the regional center in 1938, found itself at the crossroads of the Irtysh navigable river and the railway and received a reliable connection with Ekibastuz, Ural, and Siberia. This served to further development of the economy of the city and the region. The large industrial enterprises grew up at the place of small workshops. In 1956 Pavlodar became one of the centers for the development of virgin and fallow lands. Because of the virgin land improvement, the area under cultivation of the region increased tenfold. Coal production and virgin land improvement gave a powerful impetus to the development of the productive forces of the Pavlodar region. The favorable economic and geographic location, the richest resources, the availability of transport routes, the Irtysh-Karaganda Canal contributed to the creation of the Pavlodar-Ekibastuz territorial industrial complex in 1957, which included Pavlodar, Ekibastuz, Aksu (Yermak). Based on cheap Ekibastuz coal, an energy base was created and new industries were developed: ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, machine building, and aluminum, oil refining and chemical industries. Today Pavlodar region stands out among all regions with high industrial potential, has diversified agriculture, and fully provides itself with agricultural products. All kinds of transport, except for sea transport, and all branches of the non-productive sphere were developed here.


Pavlodar residents are happy to visit theaters, museums, libraries, cultural and recreational facilities. The most significant objects of the cultural and religious heritage of the city are the Central Mosque named after Mashkhur Zhusup and the Blagoveshenskiy cathedral. The inhabitants of the city not only perform religious rites here but also perceive these structures as beautiful architectural structures. Traditionally, much attention is paid to the planting of the city, especially in places of mass recreation of citizens. There are 33 public gardens, 5 boulevards, and the comfortable central embankment of the Irtysh River on the territory of the city

Places for leisure

Two theaters:

  • Kazakh Regional Music and Drama Theater named after J. Aimautov
  • Regional Drama Theater named after A.P. Chekhov

Five museums

  • Regional Local History Museum named after G.N. Potanin
  • Regional Art Museum
  • Regional Museum of Literature and Art named after Bukhar Zhyrau
  • House-Museum named after P. Vasilyev
  • Shafer’s House

Four Culture Centers

  • The House of Friendship
  • City Palace of Culture named after Yestai
  • Center for Folk Art “Shanyrak”
  • Youth House “Kosmos”

Other leisure centers

There are 24 libraries and 3 cinemas in the region. Eighteen ethnic and cultural associations of the Small Assembly of the Peoples of Kazakhstan carry out their activity, about 350 NGOs are active. The growth in the number of active NGOs is a result of the existing system of interaction of the state structures with the public organizations aimed at supporting the social partnership. At present, State Municipal Management Organization “Children and Adolescent Club “Zhiger”, which includes 17 children and adolescent and yard clubs, and State Municipal Management Organization “Employment and Children's Creativity Center” are subordinated to the State Institution “Education Department of Pavlodar”.


Due to its unique nature, geographical location, and history, the Pavlodar region has a sufficiently high potential for tourism development. Particular preference is given to the development of domestic and inbound tourism.

Dynamics of development

The positive trend in the dynamics of the indicators growth persists from year to year and can bring a gradual increase in the number of tourists to the region from 5- 15% annually. The volume of services rendered by the accommodation facilities makes 634,728.4 thousand KZT.

Number of tourists

The total number of visitors served by the accommodation facilities for internal and inbound tourism for 6 months of 2016 made 43,554 persons, and 148,232 tourists visited Bayanaul recreation zone in summer of 2016.

Travel business

Ninety-nine travel companies are registered in the region, 82 of them are companies that carry out tourist agency activity and nine companies that carry out tour operator activities in the field of domestic, outbound and inbound tourism. According to the statistics department of Pavlodar region, there are 92 accommodation facilities: 51 hotels, 41 rest houses.

The main tourist areas

About the object

The total area of ​​the national park is 68,452.8 hectares including the forested area of 12,927

hectares. The territory of the national park is divided into three branches: Bayanaul – 19,028

hectares, Zhasybai – 22,094 hectares, and Dolbinsk – 8,596 hectares. There are three large lakes

on the territory of the Park: Zhasybai, Toraigyr, and Sabandykol. The main orographic elements

of the park are low-hill terrain and hummocks with sharp bizarre outlines of numerous ledge

rocks alternating with intermountain valleys, which is represented by rows, hills, and knolls with an absolute height of 350-500 meters; – the middle mountains: Mount Akbet -1,026 m, Alabas mountains – 700 m. In general, the terrain of the region is dissected by a dense network of narrow valleys, gorges, and ravines. The national park is located in the zone of the uplift of the Kazakh Hummocks and differs from the surrounding flat spaces in its microclimate conditions; geological, geomorphological and hydrological objects of the state natural reserve fund exist. They represent a special ecological, scientific, and cultural value and are classified as specially protected natural areas. The objects of the republican importance include the Dravert grotto (with rock drawings), the Kuvshin grotto (with a waterfall with a height of 3 m), Aulietas cave (length of 22 m), Konyraulie cave, Auliebulak spring, Teuleubulak spring, Aimanbulak gorge, Stone miracle gorge, Rakhay gorge, Ushsala gorge. The State National Nature Park has 35 rest homes, of which 28 are on the shore of the Zhasybai Lake, 5 – Sabandykol Lake, 2 rest houses and 2 children camps – Toraigyr Lake with accommodation, boats, catamarans, buses for excursions, and cultural events in summer. Currently, the territory of the national park has 37 archaeological monuments, natural monuments, and display places. In order to develop the tourism in the park, 11 tourist routes with a total length of 208.5 km and one botanical pathway have been developed and approved. According to statistics for 6 months of 2016, the Bayanaul resort zone was visited by 5,848 people.

About the surroundings

A specially protected natural area with the status of an environmental and scientific institution. It was created in 2003 and is located in the belt forests of the Pavlodar region on an area of ​​277,961 hectares. State forest natural reserve “Yertis Ormany” consists of two branches – Shaldai branch (area of 143,247 ha, the center is Shaldai village, Shcherbakty district) and Beskaragai branch (area of 134,714 ha, the center is Shaka village, Lebyazhye district) and 16 forest areas. The territory is qualified as “especially valuable forest tracts”.

About the surroundings

Pavlodar region is unique in the presence of zones that have the potential to become international resorts. Moyildy, Maraldy, Kalatuz, and Kyzyltuz are especially popular. Maraldy is a natural salt lake, famous for its mineralized mud and brine, which gives a health and rejuvenating effect, is located near the village of Maraldy in the Shcherbakty region and is a bitter saline water body. The length is 9.5 km, the width is 7.7 km, the area is 4,800 hectares, and the water-surface area is 56.5 km2. The muds of this lake are known far beyond Kazakhstan and are not inferior to the balneological properties of similar mineral raw materials of the Crimea and the Caucasus, and by some indicators even surpass them. The water temperature at the bottom of Lake Maraldy is 10-15 degrees higher than on its surface. The reserves of the medicinal mud curing of rheumatism and joint pain are estimated at 100,000 cubic meters. There are also deposits of blue cosmetic clay at the bottom of the lake. The salt-water density keeps the body on the surface. The small crustaceans, Artemia salina, which are found in the lake, give the pink color to the water. They are used in the perfumery and pharmacological industry. In 2006, it was included in the list of objects of the state natural reserve fund of the Republican value (Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 932 dated September 28, 2006). The state purchases were carried out to research the mineral composition of the lake's water and mud. The PSU named after M. Toraigyrov became a winner of the competitive tender. In the case of a positive decision on the water composition the work to find investors will be continued. Development of tourism on the Lake Maraldy will depend on the submitted medical report. If it is recommended to stay at the lake under medical supervision, it will be necessary to attract investors for constructing the sanatorium. With a low concentration of salts and permission to stay on the lake without medical supervision, it is necessary to equip the territory and erect the tourist facilities.

About the surroundings

It is a natural lake containing highly mineralized silt mud and brine, which is an exceptionally effective treatment. The recreation areas with facilities (shower, baths, and mini cafe) which are popular with residents of the region and neighboring areas were constructed at the salt lake Kalatuz (Yamyshevo village, Lebyazhye district). Salt Lake Kalatuz has a unique air-water- salt combination. The water and mud of the lake reduce muscle tension, inflammation, pain, soothe and strengthen blood circulation, have a rejuvenating effect. The lake is located 50 km from Pavlodar (towards Semei).


Pavlodar region is one of the main industrial regions of Kazakhstan. Historically, one of the largest in the economic space of the CIS territorial production complex with the optimal combination of traditionally complex industries and enterprises engaged in the development of mineral raw materials and crude hydrocarbons was formed here. The huge natural and resource potential of the region, the presence of a developed industrial and social infrastructure, the high scientific and technical potential, its linking role between Central Asia and Siberia attract the close attention of industrialists and entrepreneurs of different countries and continents.